The Lynn H. Wood Archaeological Museum invites you to journey into the biblical world, where you will find ancient ceramic vessels with powerful stories to tell. Through their testimony, we can journey back in time to the age of Abraham and David, Deborah and Esther, Nebuchadnezzar and Jeremiah—themselves vessels called to carry on the message to future generations. Archaeology has dramatically brought these people, places, and events of the biblical history to life, enabling us to touch the past and learn its lessons.
In the lobby, a tile compass indicating true north invites you to experience these vessels of time as you journey into the biblical world.
The permanent exhibition is organized in chronological order. The objects date from the invention of writing and the first cities—from 3200 B.C. to the Roman Empire in the Byzantine Period in A.D. 450—a journey of more than 3,500 years of history. To make this journey possible, we chose to focus on only one aspect of ancient life for each period. The theme for each case was chosen based on a major characteristic of that time. Together, they not only form a sequential movement through time, but also give glimpses of different aspects and their use as illustrated in more than 200 photographs and illustrations. Biblical passages connect the themes to known biblical events, emphasizing the authenticity of the biblical story.
Peace and War: The Assyrian Conquest of Lachish
Peace and War: The Assyrian Conquest of Lachish features over 80 artifacts and objects from the Fourth Expedition to Lachish, a series of excavations from 2013 to 2017 in the royal city that was second only to Jerusalem in ancient Judah. This exhibit shows the story of a critical tipping point in history that determined the survival of ancient Israel, its kings, and the covenant promise of the Messiah.
The elite houses built north of the outer wall of the Palace-Fort courtyard of Lachish were terraced on the slope of the Acropolis with a view to the northeast. The objects and materials found in these houses illustrate various stages of life during the eighth century B.C. Domestic Bowls are the most common domestic objects found in elite houses. They came in various styles and served as containers to hold commodities, including food. Baking trays were typical of every Judean household; baking trays were used to make bread and were often placed over ovens called tabun in Arabic.
Ushna, the servant of Ahaz, Carnelian seal
The use of the scarab (beetle) shape, as well as the motifs of the uraeus (the sacred asp of the headdress of the Pharaohs) and the Osiris crowns suggest that the iconography is borrowed from Egyptian prototypes. The inscription is written in the ancient Hebrew script and not the square Assyrian characters, which were introduced in the Second Temple period and are in use till the present. Though we do not know who Ushna was, the Ahaz of this seal was the eighth-century king of Judah mentioned in II Kings 16. For more information, click the button below to the Yale University Ancient Seals from The Babylonian Collection website.
The replica of the Annals of Sennacherib describes how he left Jerusalem "As for Hezekiah of the land of Judah, I surrounded and conquered forty-six of his fortified walled cities and smaller settlements in their environs, which were without number, by having siege ramps trodden down and battering rams brought up, the assault of foot soldiers, sapping, breaching, and siege engines. . . . I confined him inside the city Jerusalem, his royal city, like a bird in a cage.” The clay fragment of Sennacherib’s annals recounts his early defeat of the Babylonian king Merodach-balagan, king of Babylon. On loan courtesy of the Yale Babylonian Collection
Replica Model of Lachish
The model was built from the vantage point of the Assyrian artist who craved the famous Lachish Reliefs for King Sennacherib. As seen here, the building of the siege ramp required up to one million stones that were most likely quarried just southeast of the base of the ramp; the progress could be observed from the opposite hill by King Sennacherib as he directed the details of the attack against the city.
An archaeological method called dry sieving is used to sift sediment with sieve meshes to find small artifacts that could be easily overlooked while digging. When using these sieves, the particles find their way through the gaps in the wire mesh by shaking or vibrating the sieve. The individual particles have the ability to split apart. To later be examined by the archaeologist.
An archaeological site is examined scientifically and methodically during an excavation. In order to produce the history of the site, excavations are carried out to determine historical settings and place them in order.
Located in the Shaphelah slopes of the Judean Mountains, Tel Lachish is roughly 25 miles (41 km) southwest of Jerusalem and 18 miles (30 km) from the Mediterranean Sea.Lachish was ideally situated on the Via Maris route and is considered the second most significant city in the Southern Kingdom of Judah, behind Jerusalem. It was a double-walled, heavily fortified military city that guarded Israel's southern area.
A pickaxe is one of the most common digging tools used by archaeologists to remove and break up very hard compacted earth. Other tools used by archaeologists include: fork hoe rake wheelbarrow Wheelbarrows are used to carry the debris or soil to the dump yard or for dry sieving.
Vessels in Time
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